Johann Philipp Kirnberger

Kirnberger, Johann Philipp, music theorist and composer baptized, 24.4. 1721 in Saalfeld (Thuringia), † 26./27.7. 1783 in Berlin. - K. came from a humble background. His father, Matthias Kernberg (1689-1779), was in royal footman services. As a young man he took his first violin and Klavieruntericht. After attending the Latin school in Coburg decided K., to devote himself to music and was probably from 1736 Johann Peter Kellner for Gräfenrode. In 1738 he turned to the special camp, where he was court organist from the local HN Gerber received his further education in particular. Was he a later JS Bach in Leipzig has been years already, as it is claimed on several occasions, is controversial. Only for the 1741 Leipzig is a about a half year stay in Ks occupied. In this lesson he Zeitdürfte Bach have enjoyed that too. Already in June of that year he was in Dresden. He then went for the next ten years after Poland. At first he was harpsichordist with Count Poninsky in Czestochowa, then he went as Kapellmeister to the nuns of the Order of St. Bernard in Lviv, moreover he was Prince Stanislaw Lubomirsky in Ruwno employed by, and finally to Count Casimir Rzewusky in Podolia. In 1751 K. returned back to Germany. After short stays in Coburg and Gotha, he perfected his violin playing in chamber musician Fickler in Dresden and was a violinist in the royal chapel in Potsdam set as. In 1754 he joined the chapel of the Marquis Henry in Rheinberg on the. Four years later, in 1758, he joined as a composition teacher, conductor and musical adviser in the service of Princess Anna Amalia, sister of Frederick the Great, in Berlin. This position he held until his death. In this period the majority of his compositions created fonts. - K's work is in the tradition of Bach. With his sons Philipp Emanuel and Johann Christian, he was a friend, he also stood Bach JF Agricola students and close the Nichelmann Ch. In addition, CH Graun and Marpurg belonged to his Berlin friends. In particular, the latter initially promoted Ks work through publications of some of his works. This friendship was later since Marpurg success at Ks was jealous, an inglorious end. the relationship with JG Sulzer, for his "general theory of the fine arts," he 112 article written off, grew the music-theoretical masterpiece Ks, the "art of pure movement." He also organized expenditure of works Hassler, Graun and especially the four-part choral singing J. see Bach. One of the great achievements K also includes the construction of a library for the Princess, the (1914) in the Prussian State Library passed over "Amalia Library" later. A number of works by Bach is through the work and collecting activities have been preserved only Ks. A real impact beyond his time has not had K..

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